State Capitals and Largest Cities

Here's alist of allthe state capitals and largest cities in the United States. The list includes some fun facts about each capital. Here's a national fun fact: New York City was the first capital of the United States once the Constitution was ratified.

State capitals are often centrally located in a state. Having one location to govern from can facilitate the processes of providing government functions and rules. As you can see below, the largest city is sometimes the capital city, but not always.

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1. Alabama

Montgomery is the capital of Alabama

State Capital: Montgomery Largest City: Birmingham

Montgomery is the site of many landmark civil rights events, like the Montgomery bus boycotts throughout 1955 and 1956 and the Selma-to-Montgomery March for voting rights in 1965.

The nation?s oldest baseball field, Rickwood Field, which opened in 1910, is located in Birmingham.

2. Alaska

State Capital: Juneau Largest City: Anchorage

If you're thinking of going on a road trip directly to Juneau, note you can't drive intothe city.You can only fly or ferry in.

Forty-one percent of the state's population lives in Anchorage.

3. Arizona

State Capital: Phoenix Largest City: Phoenix

Phoenix is the most populous state capital with approximately 1.5 million people living there.According to the National Climatic Data Center, the sun shines on Phoenix for 85 percent of its daylight hours.

4. Arkansas

State Capital: Little Rock Largest City: Little Rock

Little Rock became the capital of the territory of Arkansas in 1821. The name ?little rock? comes from the French explorer Bernard de la Harpe. In 1722, he saw rock formations jutting out from the Ouachita Mountains and named one groupthe big rock and the other the little rock.

5. California

State Capital: Sacramento Largest City: Los Angeles

Sacramento is California's sixth capital since 1854.

You can visit the memorial of Senator Capitol Kitty, a stray cat that lived at the state capital for 13 years.

Los Angeles has more than 3.9 million residents.

6. Colorado

State Capital: Denver Largest City: Denver

Denver became the territorial capital in 1867. Denver is 155 square miles and has a population of 663,862.Denver is exactly one mile above sea level, giving it the nickname, the Mile High City.

7. Connecticut

State Capital: Hartford Largest City: Bridgeport

Hartford became the sole capital of Connecticut in 1875. Originally, both New Haven and Hartford were capital cities, starting in 1701.

Bridgeport Harbor is one of three deep-water ports in the state. Bridgeport has just over 145,000 residents.

8. Delaware

State Capital: Dover Largest City: Wilmington

In Dover, the old statehouse on the green (built in part in 1722 as the county courthouse) has been the capitol building since 1777.

Wilmington is located halfway between New York City and Washington, D.C. and has just over 71,000 residents.

9. Florida

State Capital: Tallahassee Largest City: Jacksonville

Tallahassee became the capital of Florida in 1823. The founder of Famous Amos Cookies, Wally Amos, was born and raised in Tallahassee.

Jacksonville is the largest city by area in the continental United States with over 840 square miles.

10. Georgia

Atlanta is the capital of Georgia

State Capital: Atlanta Largest City: Atlanta

In 1877, Atlanta became the capital of Georgia, succeeding Milledgeville, which was the state?s fourth capital. Approximately 17 Fortune 500 companies (including Coca-Cola) call Atlanta home.

11. Hawaii

State Capital: Honolulu Largest City: Honolulu

Honolulu has the only royal palace in the U.S. TheIolani Palacewas the official residence for the Hawaiian monarchs who lived on the estate before Queen Lili'uokalani was overthrown in 1891.According to the 2010 Census, Honolulu has more than 337,000 residents.

12. Idaho

State Capital: Boise Largest City: Boise

Boise became the capital of the territory of Idaho in 1864. Approximately228,900 people live there. In Boise, it's a law that "Residents may not fish from a giraffe?s back."

13. Illinois

State Capital: Springfield Largest City: Chicago

President AbrahamLincoln spentmuch of his life in Springfield and youcan visit his housethere.

Chicago was a small town when Springfield became the state capital in 1834 and now it boasts 2.7 million residents.

14. Indiana

State Capital: Indianapolis Largest City: Indianapolis

Indianapolis became the state capital in 1825. Currently, it has more than 864,000 residents. Did you know that in Indiana, it's illegal to collect rags on Sundays? It's also illegal to ride over 10 miles per hour on your horse.

15. Iowa

State Capital: Des Moines Largest City: Des Moines

Des Moines became the capital in 1857 -- the previous capital was Iowa City. Des Moines suffered several floods in the 1950s, and despite flood control measures constructed on the Des Moines River, was again inundated in 1993.

16. Kansas

State Capital: Topeka Largest City: Wichita

Topeka has served as Kansas?s capital since it became a state in 1861. The Topeka Train Robbersis the city's official baseball team. The mascot's name is MacBurgular.

Wichita has almost 390,000 residents.

17. Kentucky

State Capital: Frankfort Largest City: Louisville

In 1792, the year Kentucky became the 15th state, Frankfort became its capital. Frankfort native, George Graham Vest, is best known for coining the phrase "dog is a man's best friend."

The Louisville Metro population is 1.2 million.

18. Louisiana

State Capital: Baton Rouge Largest City: New Orleans

The capital of Louisiana moved around quite a bit. New Orleans had the title twice before the titlesettled on Baton Rouge in 1879.

New Orleans has a population of more than 384,000 residents.

19. Maine

Augusta is the capital of Maine

State Capital: Augusta Largest City: Portland

Augusta was named the state capital in 1827. Woodrow Wilson grew up in Augusta and you can still visit his boyhood home today.

Portland?s population is just under 67,000 residents.

20. Maryland

State Capital: Annapolis Largest City: Baltimore

From November 26, 1783, to August 13, 1784, Annapolis was the location of the nation?s capital. The statehouse where George Washington resigned as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in 1783 (and where the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War was ratified in 1784) still stands in Annapolis.

Baltimore has a population of nearly 622,000 residents.

21. Massachusetts

State Capital: Boston Largest City: Boston

There was once a flood of molasses in Boston thatkilled21 people. Some claim that parts of Boston's North End still smelllike molasses on a hot day.

22. Michigan

State Capital: Lansing Largest City: Detroit

Lansing is the only state capital that isnot the county seat.

Detroit had a population of just over 1 million residents in 1990 and now has just over 680,000 residents.

23. Minnesota

State Capital:St. Paul Largest City: Minneapolis

In 1849, St. Paul was named the capital of the Minnesota territory.

Minneapolis is one of the top 50 largest cities in the country, with 407,207 residents. The capitol building, completed in 1904 and designed by CassGilbert, was also modeled after St. Peter's Basilicain Rome.

24. Mississippi

Jackson is the capital of Mississippi

State Capital: Jackson Largest City: Jackson

Jackson was named after President Andrew Jackson and was chosen as the capital in 1821. Jackson has a population of approximately 169,000 residents. The first Republican party convention was held in Jackson on July 6, 1854.

25. Missouri

State Capital: Jefferson City Largest City: Kansas City

Jefferson City was specifically designed to be the state capital.

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26. Montana

State Capital: Helena Largest City: Billings

Helena was founded after the discovery of gold (1864) in Last Chance Gulch (now Helena's main street) and grew rapidly. As the area's stores of gold and silver were depleted, other minerals, including copper, leadand zinc were discovered and exploited.

Billings boasts a population of more than 110,300 residents.

27. Nebraska

State Capital: Lincoln Largest City: Omaha

In 1867, the village of Lancaster (renamed Lincoln) became the state capital. Lincoln is the home of the National Museum of Roller Skating.

28. Nevada

State Capital: Carson City Largest City: Las Vegas

Carson City became the capital of the Nevada Territory in 1861 and stayed its capital when it became a state.

Las Vegas has approximately 613,600 residents and the popular tourist destination isoften thought to be the state capital.

29. New Hampshire

State Capital: Concord Largest City: Manchester

Concord has been the capital city of New Hampshire since 1808. Levi Hutchins of Concord invented the first alarm clockin 1787.

Manchester has approximately 110,506 residents.

30. New Jersey

State Capital: Trenton Largest City: Newark

Trenton became New Jersey's capital in November 1790. Trenton's pottery industry dates back to colonial times.

Newark has approximately 281,764 residents and celebrated its 350th birthday in 2016.

31. New Mexico

State Capital: Santa Fe Largest City: Albuquerque

Santa Fe became the capital of the Territory of New Mexicoin 1851 and remained its capital when it achieved statehood in 1912.

Albuquerque has approximately 559,277 residents.

32. New York

State Capital: Albany Largest City: New York City

Kingston was the first capital in New York, until the British burned it down in 1777. The title then passed over the Albany 20 years later in 1797.

New York City, nicknamed ?The Big Apple,? is home to more than 8.5 million residents and is the largest city in the United States.

33. North Carolina

Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina

State Capital: Raleigh Largest City: Charlotte

Like Jefferson City, Raleigh (designated the capital in 1792) was also planned and built to be the capital city.

Charlotte has approximately842,051 residents.

34. North Dakota

State Capital: Bismarck Largest City: Fargo

Bismarck became the capital of the Dakota Territory in 1883 and stayed its capital when it became a state in 1889.

Fargo has approximately 120,762 residents.

35. Ohio

State Capital: Columbus Largest City: Columbus

Columbus was laid out as the state capital in 1812 but did not take over the government from Chillicothe until 1816.

36. Oklahoma

State Capital: Oklahoma City Largest City: Oklahoma City

Oklahoma City became the capital in 1910. Today, the city has a population of approximately638,367 residents.

Oklahoma City was the first city to install parking meters.

37. Oregon

State Capital: Salem Largest City: Portland

Salem was chosen as the capital of the territory of Oregon in 1851 and later designated the state capital in 1855. Salem's Waldo Park is only 12 by 20 feet and is one of the smallest parks in nation.

38. Pennsylvania

State Capital: Harrisburg Largest City: Philadelphia

Harrisburg was named the capital of Pennsylvania in 1812. The state capital building in Harrisburg is modeled after St. Peter's Basilicain the Vatican City.

In 2014, Philadelphia was the fifth largest city in the U.S., with more than 1.5 million residents.

39. Rhode Island

State Capital: Providence Largest City: Providence

Providence was founded in 1636, which makes it one of the oldest cities in the United States. Rhode Island originally had five capital cities, and then, eventually two--Newport and Providence. Providence became the sole capital of the state in 1900.

In Providence it is illegal to wear transparent clothing. It is also illegal to selltoothpaste and a toothbrush to the same person on a Sunday.

40. South Carolina

State Capital: Columbia Largest City: Columbia

Columbia became the capital in 1786. The World's Largest Fire Hydrant resides in Columbia.

41. South Dakota

State Capital: Pierre Largest City: Sioux Falls

Pierre became the permanent capital of South Dakota in 1890.Sioux Falls has just over 174,360 residents.

42. Tennessee

Nashville is the capital of Tennessee

State Capital: Nashville Largest City: Memphis

Nashville -- nicknamed the City of Music -- was the capital of Tennessee twice. The city was first the capital from 1812 to 1817 and then in 1826, Nashville became the permanent capital of the state.

Currently, Memphishas nearly 653,000 residents.

43. Texas

State Capital: Austin Largest City: Houston

In 1839, Austin (once named Waterloo) became the capital of Texas. In 1842, the capital moved to Houston and then in 1844, Austin again became the capital.

Houston has 2.3 million residents.

44. Utah

State Capital: Salt Lake City Largest City: Salt Lake City

Salt Lake City was capital of the territory of Utah in 1856, and in 1896, it became the capital of the new state. Salt Lake City has 193,744 residents. The largest genealogical libraryin the world is in Salt Lake City. The Family History Library is open to the public and free of charge.

45. Vermont

State Capital: Montpelier Largest City: Burlington

Montpelier became the state capital in 1805.It has the smallest population (7,535) of all the state capitals.

Burlington has just over 42,000 residents and is located on the eastern shore ofLake Champlain.

46. Virginia

State Capital: Richmond Largest City: Virginia Beach

Richmond replaced Williamsburg as the state capital in 1779. In Richmond it is illegal to flip a coin in a restaurant to see who will pay for coffee.Virginia Beach has 452,602 residents.

47. Washington

State Capital: Olympia Largest City: Seattle

Olympia was the state capital before it was even a town. Olympia was named the provisional capital in 1853 and confirmed as the official capital in 1855.Olympia wasn't incorporated as a town until 1859.

Seattle has 704,352 residents and is known for being the headquarters ofStarbucks, Microsoft andAmazon.

48. West Virginia

State Capital: Charleston Largest City: Charleston

Charleston became the state?s capital in 1877. The first capital building stood for 36 years before a fire destroyed it in 1921. There was also ammunition stored on the top floor of the building. The fire set off the ammunition, causing a panic from the the onlookers. During the event, two men were arrested for stealing a fire truck.

49. Wisconsin

State Capital: Madison Largest City: Milwaukee

Madison became the capital of the state in 1838. The official bird of Madison is the plastic pink flamingo.

50. Wyoming

State Capital: Cheyenne Largest City: Cheyenne

In 1890, Wyoming was admitted to the union and Cheyenne became its capital. Every year since 1897, Cheyenne has hostedthe Frontier Days Festival to celebrate the city's roots in the Old West.Cheyenne has just over 64,000 residents.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 figures and 2014, 2016 population estimates.

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