Facts & Figures
President: David Granger (2015)
Prime Minister: Samuel Hinds (1992)
Land area: 76,004 sq mi (196,850 sq km); total area: 83,000 sq mi (214,970 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 735,554 (growth rate: ?0.11%); birth rate: 15.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 33.56/1000; life expectancy: 67.81
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Georgetown, 127,000
Monetary unit: Guyanese dollar
Languages: English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Ethnicity/race: East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
Religions: Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)
National Holiday: Republic Day, February 23
Literacy rate: 91.8% (2002 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $6.593 billion; per capita $8,500. Real growth rate: 5.3%. Inflation: 3.9%. Unemployment: 11% (2007). Arable land: 1.95%. Labor force: 313,100 (2009 est.); agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a. Agriculture: sugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp. Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish. Exports: $1.337 billion (2013 est.): sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber. Imports: $2.039 billion (2013 est.): manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food. Major trading partners: Canada, U.S., UK, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, China, Suriname (2012).
Member of Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 154,200 (2012); mobile cellular: 547,000 (2012). Broadcast media: government-dominated broadcast media; the National Communications Network (NCN) TV is state-owned; a few private TV stations relay satellite services; the state owns and operates 2 radio stations broadcasting on multiple frequencies capable of reaching the entire country; government limits on licensing of new private radio stations continue to constrain competition in broadcast media (2007). Internet hosts: 24,936 (2012). Internet users: 189,600 (2009).
Transportation: Highways: total: 7,970 km; paved: 590 km; unpaved: 7,380 km (2000 est.). Waterways: 330 km (the Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively) (2012) . Ports and terminals: Georgetown. Airports: 117 (2013).
International disputes: all of the area west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks arbitration under provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters.